Overview of Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome Causes Symptoms And Home Remedies
Cyclic vomiting syndrome is characterized by periods of severe vomiting that have no visual cause. The Above said periods can last for many days or even week. Alternate with relatively symptom-free periods of time. Each period is similar to previous one, it means that periods trends to start at the same time of day, stay for the same length of time and happen with the same symptoms and level of intensity.
Once thought to affect only kids, cyclic vomiting syndrome occurs in all ages of people. Doctors advised that cyclic vomiting syndrome may affect almost 2.5 percent of school going children and that the number of cases diagnosed in Adults is increasing.
Cyclic vomiting syndrome may be directly proportional to migraines. Episodes can be so severe that the person has to stay in the home on a bed for days.
Diagnosis of Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome:
The syndrome is very difficult to diagnose because vomiting is a symptom of many other disorders. Treatment normally involves treating symptoms and lifestyle changes to help save the occurrences that can trigger vomiting episodes. Medications, including anti-nausea and migraine therapies, may help decrease symptoms.
Symptoms of Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome:
The symptoms of cyclic vomiting syndrome include:
1 • Severe vomiting that happens to be very several at times per hour and lasts less than seven days.
2 • Three or more separate periods of vomiting with no apparent cause in the last year
Other symptoms during a vomiting period may include:
3 • severe Abdominal pain
4 • Diarrhea
5 • high Fever
6• Dizziness or sleeplessness
7• Sensitivity to sunlight or even electric light
The intervals between vomiting periods are normally symptom-free. But some exceptional people can experience mild to moderate nausea or abdominal or limb pain between these episodes.
Continued vomiting may cause severe dehydration and lack of water and salt that can be life-threatening. Symptoms of dehydration include:
1 • severe Thirst
2 • Less urination
3 • mild or severe Paleness
4 • Exhaustion and listlessness
Causes of Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome:
The main cause of the syndrome is unknown, unfortunately. But the germs of vomiting that disclose the syndrome can be activated by:
a • Colds, allergies or sinus problems that can last for a week or so.
b • Emotional stress, depression or excitement, especially in kids.
c • Anxiety or panic attacks, especially in aged people
d • Desire for Foods, such as chocolate or cheese
e • Overeating or eating exactly before going to bed
f • Hot weather
g• Physical exhaustion or fatigued
I • Motion sickness
Identifying the agents for vomiting episodes may help with managing it in a good way.
The relationship between migraines (a severe Headache) and cyclic vomiting isn’t clear. But many children with cyclic vomiting have a family history of migraines(a severe Headache) or have migraines themselves when they get older. In adults, the relationship between cyclic vomiting syndrome and migraine may be much lower.
Chronic use of marijuana (cannabis sativa) or other drugs of these kinds also has been related to cyclic vomiting syndrome.
It can cause these complications:
• Dehydration. Excessive vomiting causes the body to lose water and salt quickly. Severe cases of dehydration may need to be treated in the hospital as soon as possible.
• Injury to the food tube that can be painful. The stomach acid that comes out with the vomit may harm the tube that connects the mouth and stomach (esophagus). In some conditions, the esophagus becomes so effective that it starts bleeding.
• Tooth decay disease. The acid in vomit in each cycle can corrode tooth enamel that can be harmful.
You’re advised to start by seeing your primary care doctor or your kids’ pediatrician. But you may be referred to a digestive diseases specialist (gastroenterologist) or food specialist. If you or your child is in the middle of a severe vomiting period, the doctor may recommend immediate medical care unit.
Here’s some useful information to help you get ready for your appointment and understand what to expect from the doctor.
What you must do
• maintain a list of any symptoms, causes, including how many times vomiting happens and any typical reasons you may have noticed, such as eating food or activity.
• Write down key medical information, including other medical conditions.
• Write down key people information, including eating habits and any major stresses. — Both positive and negative — in your kids’ life or yours.
• Bring notes of all medications, as well as any supplements or vitamins, that you or your kids take.
• Write down queries to ask the doctor.
Questions to ask the doctor about cyclic vomiting
Some basic questions to ask the doctor may include:
• What is the most likely cause of these symptoms and periods of sickness?
• Are any tests needed on an emergency basis?
• Do you think this condition is temporary or long-lasting (irritating but yes you have to ask)?
• What treatments do you recommend and should we start it immediately?
• Is there a medication that can help save more damage?
• Are there any dietary restrictions or food advisory that can help?
Don’t hesitate to ask other questions because it is important.
What to expect from the doctor
Be ready to answer questions your doctor may ask you about:
• When did you or your child start experiencing symptoms?
• How often does a period of severe vomiting occur, and how many times do you or does your
child typically vomit in a day or specific time frame?
• How long do the periods normally last?
• Do you or does your child feel abdominal pain severe or mild?
• Have you figured out any warning signs that an episode is coming in advance, such as loss of appetite or feeling unusually tired, or change of eating habits, or any common causes, such as intense emotions, feelings, illness or menstruation or any other?
• Have you or has your child been diagnosed with any other medical issues, including mental
health conditions or any other?
• What treatments, including over-the-counter medications and home remedies, are you or your kids are taking for other diseases?
• Does anything seem to get better with the symptoms or shorten the time of an episode?
• Do you or does your child have experienced severe headaches a Migraine?
• Does anyone in your family have a history of cyclic vomiting syndrome or of migraines, severe headaches?
What you can do in the meantime while these procedures are in work.
The doctor will likely ask to see you or your child immediately if an attack of severe vomiting is underway. But if the vomiting has passed, recovery will be supported by getting lots of rest time, increasing intake of fluids, juices and following an easy-to-digest diet, soft diet. It’s also a good idea to avoid caffeinated beverages or foods containing caffeine like coffee or tea.
Cyclic vomiting syndrome can be hard to diagnose. There’s no specific test that will confirm the diagnosis that you are hit with it, and vomiting is a sign of many other diseases and disorders that must first be ruled out before starting diagnosis.
The doctor will start by asking about your child’s or your medical history. He may start by conducting a physical exam.
After that, the doctor may recommend:
• Imaging studies — such as endoscopy, CT_scan or magnetic resonance, enterography,
to check for blockages in the digestive system or signs of other digestive situations.
• Motility tests to monitor the free movement of food through your digestive system and to check for digestive disorders in past
• Laboratory tests to understand thyroid problems and other metabolic conditions
• MRI for a brain tumor and other central nervous system disorders
Treatment of Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome
Unfortunately, There’s no cure for cyclic vomiting syndrome. So treatment focuses on controlling the conditions and symptoms. You or your child may be advised:
1 • Anti-nausea drugs that can be helpful
3• Medications that suppress stomach acid and relieves pain
The same types of medications and advise is used for migraines that can sometimes help stop or even prevent periods of cyclic vomiting. These medications may be recommended for people whose periods are frequent and long-lasting.
Behavioral therapy that can very effective. Research shows that almost fifty % the people with cyclic vomiting also have anxiety or depression. But the amount to which depression is related to cyclic vomiting or result from cyclic vomiting isn’t clear yet in research. Your child’s pediatric or your doctor may recommend behavioral therapy to help with any anxiety or depression.
Change of LifeStyle: changes in Lifestyle can help control and prevent the signs and symptoms of cyclic vomiting syndrome. People with cyclic vomiting syndrome normally need to get proper sleep. Once vomiting starts, it may help to stay in rest and sleep in a dark, quiet, comfortable room.
When the vomiting cycle has stopped, it’s very important to drink water or juices and replace lost electrolytes. Some people may feel well enough to begin eating a normal food soon after they the conditions stop. But if you don’t or your child doesn’t feel well like eating diet right away, you might start with energy full liquids and then add solid food gradually.
If vomiting cycles are caused by stress or sudden excitement, try during a symptom-free period to find ways to decrease stress and stay calm and relax. Eating three small meals with intervals and three snacks daily, instead of three heavy meals, also may help feel better.
Alternate: Alternative and mandatory treatments may help save vomiting episodes, although none of these has been well studied. These treatments may include:
• Biofeedback training to learn techniques for managing stress, depression which can be a cause of vomiting episodes.
• L-carnitine, It is a natural substance in the body. It is available as a food supplement. L-carnitine helps your body turn fat into energy and feel good.
• Coenzyme Q10 (ubiquinone), another organic substance made in the body that is in a market as a supplement. Coenzyme Q10 helps with the basic work of cells.L-carnitine and coenzyme Q10 may work by helping your or your children body defeat difficulty in changing food into energy. (mitochondrial dysfunction).
Some medical researchers believe mitochondrial dysfunction can be a factor causing both cyclic vomiting syndrome and migraine.
Always check with your doctor or pediatric before taking any food supplements to be sure you or your child is taking a safe diet and dose,
That the supplement won’t negatively interact with any medications you’re taking. Some people may feel side effects from L-carnitine and Coenzyme Q10 those are similar to the symptoms of cyclic vomiting syndrome, including nausea, sleeplessness, diarrhea, and loss of food desire.
Coping: Because you never know when the next cycle might come, periods of vomiting syndrome can be hard and harsh for the whole family. Children may be especially hurt and may worry regularly that they’ll be with other kids when an episode happens.
You or your child may get relieved from connecting with others who know what it’s like to live with the unexpected of cyclic vomiting syndrome. Ask your doctor or pediatric about support groups in your community.
Preventive measures: Many people know what the reasons are for their cyclic vomiting episodes. Avoiding those areas can reduce the frequency of episodes.
If episodes happen more than once in 30 days a year or you need hospitalization, your doctor or pediatric may recommend preventive medication to save your life. Changes in Lifestyle also may help, including:
• Getting adequate sleep at night
• Downplaying the importance of upcoming events because excitement can be a reason for another cycle
• Avoiding foods that can trigger, such as cheese and chocolate
• Eating three small meals and three snacks daily at regular times even after the conditions are better.