Advancement in medical science and technology has provided more options for saving teeth under circumstances that would have earlier compelled dentists to extract it. The motto of saving teeth led to the discovery of Root Canal treatment that can repair damaged tooth and make it survive. Every damaged tooth does not need root canal treatment, or the treatment is not the answer for all kinds of cavity repairing requirements. The self-healing properties of the body allow the repair of damaged or diseased pulp, but in many cases when it does not happen, dentists take resort to root canal treatment to save the tooth. A root canal is part of a tooth which is the hollow section of the tooth that encloses the pulp comprising of blood vessels, nerve tissues, and other cells. Before you set out to learn about the treatment, you must learn about the tooth structure first.
The tooth structure
The visible portion of the tooth is the crown which is the active part that helps us to chew and eat. The lower part is the root that remains submerged inside the gum. The tooth remains attached to the jawbone with the help of the root. Inside the tooth, there is a hollow part or canal inside which the pulp resides. The tooth receives nourishment from the pulp that even supplies moisture to the surrounding areas and material. Pain in the tooth happens because the nerves sense hot or cold temperature that translates into pain.
The technical name of root canal treatment is endodontic therapy that aims at removing the infection from inside a tooth with the assurance of no-recurrence. When you experience pain on any tooth, it is a sign of infection which if not treated on time might loosen the roots and result in extraction. While this can end the problem that you were facing, it invites new problems too because of the gap created between teeth. Instead, going for root canal treatment not only cures the infection but the tooth will keep performing its functions just like before. While tooth replacement is a remedy after tooth extraction, it might not always be possible if there is trauma, extensive decay or loss of bone due to gum or periodontal disease. This problem does not arise at all if you undergo root canal treatment.
Cost effective option
Many people are not only afraid of the treatment that makes them apprehensive about it but also because it is a relatively new dental procedure. Moreover, many people feelthat the treatmentis very costly. While it is your choice whether to undergo the treatment or not, you must be well informed so that you can take the correct decision.
Firstly, it is essential to dispel the fear surrounding the treatment because even if it is not a pain-free, slight pain that happens is quite bearable. Moreover, the pain comes from infection and not from the treatment. The dentists will first control and remove pain by using antibiotics to carry on the procedure.
Secondly, the procedure of extracting the tooth and replacing it with a crown or bridge is much more costly than having root canal treatment. Although the cost of treatment varies according to the condition of patients, there is no doubt about its cost-effectiveness.
After the treatment, some patients might experience slight to moderate pain for a few days, and dentists prescribe some OTC painkilling medicines to take care of it. As a precaution against new infections, the use of antibiotics as a preventive measure is also quite common. While the majority of patients recover within one or two weeks of completion of treatment it some other may take longer recovery time. However, complications might arise in some patients, and there are ways to counter it effectively.
- A tooth normally has four root canals, but in some people, the dentist might find only three canals in which case leaving one canal untreated the infection might spread deeper into the bones.
- Filling up the canal completely with the filling material is what the dentist must ensure. However, if the filling is not up to the mark or the sealing of the root canal is unsatisfactory, it could result in recurrent infection.
- Although chances are very remote, the tooth might crack during the treatment or even the canal might get perforated. This would make it difficult to fill the canal effectively.
The instances cited above are most unlikely to happen in most cases because only some rare cases that complications can occur. To know more about complications that can arise from root canal treatment log on to https://www.rejuvdentist.com/root-canal-complications/.
What to expect about the treatment procedure
The dentist must advise if you need root canal treatment and should convince you about the need by highlighting why it is a better option or if it is the only option. Counseling the patient before the treatment is the job of the dentist as it would help to allay unfounded fears and misconceptions that aid in doing a better treatment. You will come to know about the various steps that you have to go through during the treatment.
- X-ray – To diagnose the problem, the dentist must first ascertain the condition of the affected tooth or teeth for which it is necessary to take some X-rays. The dentist uses the X-rays to locate the damage and understand the extent of damage that helps to decide whether root canal would be the most appropriate treatment.
- Anesthesia – Root canal treatment is just as much painful as undergoing tooth filling. However, to take a safe approach and make patients comfortable during the procedure, the dentist will carry out the procedure under local anesthesia.
- Pulpectomy–The dentist will drill the damaged and diseased tooth to remove the tooth pulp.
- Filling – The procedure entails opening of the roots to remove the damaged pulp which the dentist then fills with gutta-percha material and finally sealsit off with cement.
Root canal treatment has empowered dentists to save teeth carefully.